From Muybridge to Cartier-Bresson to Kodachrome and Facebook

As an “old school” photography lover, life is not the same with film–still film or movie film– almost a distant memory following floppy disks, paper maps, or even any camera-that-is-not-in-a-phone.

A few years ago, I went to the Cartier-Bresson exhibition at the Art Institute of Chicago. For me, black and white photography, like no other medium, is capable of creating a sense of intimacy with the aura of place and time. Henri Cartier-Bresson spoke of “the decisive moment,” that fleeting space between the past and what is to come.

From the website of the Art Institute of Chicago, announcing the exhibition: Henri Cartier-Bresson. Juvisy, France, 1938. The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Gift of the photographer. © 2010 Henri Cartier-Bresson / Magnum Photos, courtesy Fondation Henri Cartier-Bresson, Paris.

He intuitively and masterfully captured that pregnant instant in his viewfinder and on his film. I’m a knee-buckled fan of his work.

A couple of articles have caused me to rethink photography.

Steve McCurry, the brilliant photographer who shot the iconic green-eyed Afghan girl published as a cover image in National Geographic, was given the last roll of Kodachrome film a few years ago.

Kodachrome was the first commercially viable color film, “extolled since the Great Depression for its sharpness, archival durability and vibrant yet realistic hues.” Paul Simon wrote a song about it. (Hum “Kodachrome…” and you’ll remember the song.) I ran uncountable rolls through my 35mm Nikon without ever thinking, “this is a finite resource: soon it will be gone.”

He too loaded the film and shot it. He knew it was the last. “McCurry feels the tug of nostalgia even as he loads Eastman Kodak Co.’s last manufactured roll into his Nikon F6, just as he’s done ‘so many tens of thousands of times.’”

Then he had it processed at Dwayne’s. It may be shocking to learn, (as I did about several years ago when my son, was looking to have his Kodachrome processed), that the last photo-lab in the world to process “the elaborately crafted color-reversal film” was in Parsons, Kansas. Really. It was Dwayne’s Photo.  Dwayne’s stopped accepting rolls of Kodachrome on December 30, 2010. They processed as many rolls as they could until they ran out of developing chemicals the following month

kodachrome_ii_-_film_for_colour_slides
A roll of Kodachrome film. Photo credit:  Dnalor_01. https://de.wikipedoa.org/wiki/Benutzer:Dnalor_01  Released under the license (CC-BY-SA 3.0)

Albeit a quiet milestone, discontinuance of this once technological wonder in color photography, caused me to think about some earlier photographers and their impact on the field. For example, Eadweard Muybridge.

Basically he was challenged to settle a bet regarding whether a galloping horse was ever at a point at which it had all four feet off the ground at once.

One photo isn’t enough to capture that potential bet-winning image, so Muybridge devised this system of using a series of cameras that would shoot sequential images of the action. It is brilliant, and is a precursor to motion pictures.

A wonderful presentation of his animated black and white still images is on the Minneapolis Institute of Art website as Animal Locomotion, and he is, as they call him, “The Grandfather of the Motion Picture.”

What is it about photography that is so important to us? In a recent article about Facebook, more than 350 million photos are uploaded and shared on Facebook every day.  Yikes. The population of the US is about 325 million, so it’s equivalent to about every woman/man/child/baby adding a photo to Facebook every day.

It also means that rather than using Kodachrome film (obviously) we are changing how we “shoot” photographs, process and share them. We still want to have these immortalized images to share, but we want it faster, easier, cheaper, more portable. (Justin R. Levy. Facebook Marketing: Designing Your Next Marketing Campaign. Indianapolis: Pearson Education, 2010. Print. 31).

There are trade-offs in the move to fast, cheap, portable, i.e. digital.

But bottom line, I think the whole evolution underscore how important photographs are to us as human beings. One of the first cognitive abilities an infant has is the capability to identify faces. Photos are our “relics” of human relationships. We  want to capture and have these touchstones with us to reconnect with important moments in our lives.

I realized my interest in photography as a child. As an emerging artist, I created my own darkroom in my basement when I was about 13 years old. It seems so prehistoric now: I went to the library and studied all those books about chemicals, enlargers, dodging, burning. I used my babysitting money and bought subscriptions to (it seems) dozens of photography and camera magazines (yes–they actually had dozens of photography magazines) with bold and busy ads for camera shops in New York—it all seemed exotic to a teen from Omaha, NE.

An early photograph of mine of some farm kids and their new puppies. Pretty classic, don’t you think? (C) Jane M. Mason,  www.watchingpaintdry.com

I worked as a student photographer in high school and as the sideline photographer for the University of Nebraska football team (from the sideline, they are even bigger than they appear on TV). I studied photography in college, had a photograph win a national contest and it was published in a national magazine as an 18 year old.

I then taught photography, used photography in my art, and cherished the art form. And, sad to say, the whole field of black and white photography–and film– is almost a relic now, too. It is challenging and a hassle to get a lab to process black and white film. Although, Dwayne’s in Parsons, Kansas, still has it listed on it’s website as of February, 2017.

So for me, and everyone who has loved the absolute magic of being in a darkroom and watching an image appear on the paper, it is a complicated emotional transition to see the world changing from Kodachrome and film to digital.

I don’t have to discuss the pluses and minuses—but I’d be interested in your thoughts on the topic. Yet, it’s a reality. I just hope something else comes along that will have some of the same magic as the chemistry of a latent image emerging from nothing.

And, I have to again pay homage to the pioneers such as Nicéphore Niépce, Eadweard Muybridge, Dorothea Lange, Margaret Bourke-White, Cartier-Bresson, and Steve McCurry with the last roll of Kodachrome.

To see a documentary video about how he used the last roll, watch “The End of An Era.”

And, on another note of changes in the industry, the iconic photography firm, Nikon was having trouble with financial losses, and announced in February 14, 2017. 



On the GOOD NEWS from Kodak. There is a resurgence of interest in “heritage products”:

“Kodachrome Might Make a Comeback, And You Could Help”

, January 11, 2017

“On the heels of Kodak’s announcement earlier this week that they are bringing back Ektachrome (the last variety of which was phased out by the end of 2013) in 35mm and Super 8 formats, Overman was asked about the likelihood of Kodachrome coming back as well. While he didn’t announce Kodak will be reintroducing it, he did say that Kodak is looking into what it would take to bring the iconic film back to market.

We get asked all the time… by filmmakers and photographers alike, ‘are you gonna bring back some of these iconic film stocks like Kodachrome, Ektachrome…’ I will say, we are investigating Kodachrome, looking at what it would take to bring that back […] Ektachrome is a lot easier and faster to bring back to market… People love Kodak’s heritage products and I feel, personally, that we have a responsibility to deliver on that love.”

Kodachrome was notoriously difficult and complicated to process – a fact that led to rising prices that ultimately resulted in the film’s demise. But the way the film reacted to light was unmatched by any process – film or digital – and remains so to this day. And today, we have hope that this film might come back.”



A great blog post “Power of Photography: Origin and Impact” by Yiran Sun,  gives a great history of photography with historic photos. It is part of the curriculum for a 2013 Seminar, Media Theory and Digital Culture by Martin Irvine. 



 

• Repository: Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division Washington, DC 20540 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print . • Digital ID: (digital file from original neg. ) fsa 8b29516 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/fsa.8b2951. More photos of this family available on the Library of Congress website shown here. It is absolutely worth visiting the site to immerse yourself in the haunting desperation of this family.
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About artinthecenter

I am a lifelong artist having studied painting, photography, drawing, and other media, in schools in the US and Italy. I won my first art contest when I was five--at a museum-- and my point of view tends to be as a five-year-old creative child embracing life. Creativity is a core response for me. How can we bring the infinite knowledge and excitement held by our museums and academics into the heart and minds of everyone? There is so much to share. Let’s ask questions, and discuss. Follow me on twitter @janemmason. Check out all sort of artsy information at: www.watchingpaintdry.com +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ This policy is valid from 1 January 2016 This is a personal, educational, blog written and edited by me, Jane M. Mason. For questions about this blog, please contact: jane@watchingpaintdry.com. Sincere effort has been exerted to cite, recognize, and thank all sources of content, including images, quotations or concepts that are not those of Watching Paint Dry LLC (WPDLLC), including Jane M. Mason. If you feel we have included something in this blog that has not been accurately noted or recognized to be from a source other than the intellectual property of WPDLLC, please let me know and I will adjust the citation when presented with specific citation sources and details. As an artist and writer, a core principal of mine is to respect and recognize intellectual content of others. If you are interested in using concepts, photos or other intellectual property from this blog, please contact, Rights Manager, Danielle Raub at Hello@watchingpaintdry.com. This blog does not contain any content that is likely to present a conflict of interest, although opposing points of view, as long as they are respectful, are welcome. This blog does not accept cash or paid topic insertions. However, we will consider accepting and keeping free products, services, travel, event tickets, and other forms of compensation from companies and organizations. The compensation received will not influence the content, topics or posts made in this blog. All advertising is in the form of advertisements generated by a third party ad network. Those advertisements will be identified as paid advertisements. The owner of this blog, WPDLLC, is not compensated to provide opinion on products, services, websites and various other topics within the content of this blog. The views and opinions expressed on this blog are those of Jane M. Mason or the associates of WPDLLC. If we claim or appear to be experts on a certain topic or product or service area, we only endorse products or services that we believe, based on our expertise, are worthy of such endorsement. Any product claim, statistic, quote or other representation about a product or service should be verified with the manufacturer or provider. This policy has been adapted from DisclosurePolicy.org. For your own policy, go to http://www.disclosurepolicy.org

4 Responses

  1. Yes, paintings can create a sense of place and time as well as feelings and emotions. Only photography can capture moments, instances, fleeting experiences. It was of course once thought painting was dead once photography had arrived, but people like Steiglitz, Steichen etc soon showed that it was different. I recently met with a key London art consultant and he tipped these old masters as relatively cheap and worth investing in.

    Like

  2. Lover of Photographs

    Thanks for reminding us of the historical importance of photography! Your discussion motivated me to look up some of the the Pulitzer Prize winning photos:

    http://www.newseum.org/exhibits-and-theaters/permanent-exhibits/pulitzer/videos/pulitzer-prize-photos.html

    and thanks for the musical reminder of Simon and Garfunkel’s Kodachrome:
    “Kodachrome, they give us those nice bright colours
    They give us the greens of summers
    Makes you think all the world’s a sunny day, oh yeah
    I got a Nikon camera, I love to take a photograph
    So mama don’t take my Kodachrome away”

    Like

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